Final Solution: The Fate of the Jews 1933-1949 By David Cesarani2016 | 1056 Pages | ISBN: 0230754562 | EPUB | 10 MBDavid CesaraniThe Holocaust has never been so widely commemorated, but our understanding of the accepted narrative has rarely, if ever, been questioned.David Cesarani's sweeping reappraisal challenges accepted explanations for the anti-Jewish politics of Nazi Germany and the inevitability of the 'Final Solution'. The persecution of the Jews was not always the Nazis' central preoccupation, nor was it an inevitable process. Cesarani also reveals that in German-occupied countries it unfolded erratically, often due to local initiatives. Ghettos were improvised while the mass shooting of Jews during the invasion of Russia owed as much to the security situation as to anti-semitism.In this new interpretation, war is critical to the Jewish fate. Military failure denied the Germans opportunities to expel Jews into a distant territory and created a crisis of resources that led to starvation of the ghettos and intensified anti-Jewish measures. It was global war that eventually triggered genocide in Europe.Cesarani disputes the iconic role of railways, deportation trains and even Auschwitz, and reveals that plunder was more a cause of anti-Jewish feeling than a consequence of it. Using diaries and reports written in ghettos and camps, he exposes the extent of sexual violence and abuse of Jewish women by the Germans, their collaborators and, shockingly, by Jews themselves. But Cesarani also reveals the courage and ingenuity of those who struggled to evade capture and fought back wherever they could. And unlike previous histories, he follows the Jews' journey to the 'Displaced Persons' camps- camps which have so often been merely a footnote in the story but where Jews languished behind barbed wire for years after 'liberation'. This moving and dramatic account captures the fate of the Jews, the horror and the heroism, in their own words. Resting on decades of scholarship, it is compelling, authoritative, and profoundly disturbing.Jan Karski, a courier for the Polish underground, was among the first to reach London and Washington after observing the mass killing of Polish Jews. In an interview for Claude Lanzmannâ™s 1985 film Shoah, Karski, still astonished after so many years, gets to his feet as he recalls the reaction of Felix Frankfurter, Franklin Rooseveltâ™s confidant. “I donâ™t believe you,” he recalls Frankfurter saying. “I know you are not a liar, but I donâ™t believe you.”Similar sentiments will occur to the half-attentive reader throughout almost every page of David Cesaraniâ™s account of the Final Solution. How many Jews were killed? How were they killed? Did the Hitler project really imply the extermination of every single Jew in Europe? And what sort of person could be relied on to kill one human being after another – women and children, the old, the young – day after blood-drenched day?About David CesaraniDavid Cesarani was internationally recognized as one of this generation's leading Jewish and Holocaust scholars. He was research professor in History at Royal Holloway. He was nominated for a Golden Dagger and was a finalist for the US National Jewish Book Award for History in 2009 for Major Farran's Hat. His biography of Adolf Eichmann was winner of the National Jewish Book Award in 2006 and has been translated into a dozen languages. Earlier books include an acclaimed biography of Arthur Koestler (1998) and the controversial Justice Delayed (1992), the story of how Britain became a haven for Nazi war criminals after the end of the war. He had extensive broadcasting and print media experience. In 2005 he was awarded an OBE for his work in the establishment of Holocaust Memorial Day in the UK and was a trustee of the Holocaust Memorial Day Trust. He also served on the UK delegation to the International Task Force for Holocaust Remembrance, Education and Research. Final Solution: The Fate of the Jews 1933-1949 was published posthumously in January 2016.David Cesarani wins the Longman-History Today Trustees' Award 2016David Cesarani, the distinguished historian of the Holocaust who died in October, was the recipient of the Longman-History Today Trustees' Award.David Cesarani's Final SolutionDavid Cesarani's Final Solution27 January marks Holocaust Memorial Day, an annual commemoration of those who died in the Nazi genocide and a celebration of those who survived. Read an early extract of the late David Cesaraniâ™s Final Solution: The Fate of the Jews 1933-49 here.